Schmidt, K-H and Metzler, P (1992) Wortschatztest: WST. Weinheim : Beltz Test GmbH . Simon , D , et al. ( 2014 ) Amygdala hyperactivation during symptom provocation in obsessive-compulsive disorder and its modulation by distraction Schmidt K-H, Metzler P. Weinheim, Germany: Beltz; 1992. Wortschatztest (WST): Ein RASCH-skalierter Test zur Abschätzung der verbalen Intelligenz [Vocabulary test (WST): A Rasch-calibrated test for assessment of verbal intelligence]. 25. Röth F, Lehrl S. Eine mehrdimensionale Selbstbeurteilungsskala zur Schmerzerfassung [A multidimensional selfrating scale for classification of pain. All participants were right-handed, native speakers of German and had an above average verbal IQ as tested with a multiple choice word test that requires participants to select the correct word among five distractor non-words and hence tests for vocabulary size (WST, Schmidt and Metzler, 1992). All subjects had age appropriate hearing which was defined as less than 20 dB HL between 125 Hz and.
Schmidt K-H, Metzler P (1992) Wortschatztest (WST). Hogrefe Testzentrale, Göttingen Google Scholar Sheikh J, Yesavage J (1986) Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): recent evidence and development of a shorter version A demographic questionnaire, a vocabulary test (WST; Schmidt and Metzler, 1992), and a sustained attention test (d2-R; Brickenkamp et al., 2010) were used as filler tasks. In addition, American sitcom movie clips were used to attain the 45 min retention interval between study 2 and test 1 Standard cognitive tests were administered using Hogrefe Test System 4 software (Hogrefe, 2006) and included the Viennese Matrices Test (Formann and Piswanger, 1979), an adapted version of the Raven Progressive Matrices (Raven, 1947), the Test of Word Power (Schmidt and Metzler, 1992), and the d2 Test of Attention (Brickenkamp and Zillmer, 1998)
Fowler, F. J. 1992. How unclear terms affect survey data. Schmidt, K.-H. Metzler, P.. 1992. Wortschatztest (WST) [Vocabulary test (WST)]. Weinheim, Germany: Beltz Test GmbH. Google Scholar. Smith, T. W. 1987. That which we call welfare by any other name would smell sweeter. Public Opinion Quarterly 51: 75 - 83. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI. Stöber, J. 1999. Die Soziale. Depression is related to an absence of optimistically biased belief updating about future life events - Volume 44 Issue 3 - C. W. Korn, T. Sharot, H. Walter, H. R. Heekeren, R. J. Dola In addition to impairments in cognitive functioning, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with deficits in interpersonal Autism involves core impairments in social cognition. Given that social learning underlies the acquisition of stereotypes, it was hypothesized that use of stereotypes would be reduced in autism. Contrary to this prediction, previous studies found the same use of stereotypes in autistic individuals as in controls. Measurement of stereotypes, however, can be biased by effects of social.
Validated German versions of the Vocabulary Test (WST; Schmidt and Metzler, 1992), State Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger et al., 1983), Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (Mattick and Clarke, 1998), Interpersonal Reactivity Index (Davis, 1983) and Autism Quotient (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) were used. On arrival at the laboratory, participants provided a saliva sample using a commercially. The Frontal Assessment Battery ( FAB ) is a brief battery of six neuropsychological tasks that was specifically designed to assess frontal lobe function at bedside [ 1 ]. The historical roots of the six FAB tasks can be found in the careful Schmidt KH, Metzler P (1992) Wortschatztest (WST). Beltz, Weinheim Google Scholar Schneewind KA, Graf J (1998) Der 16-Persönlichkeits-Faktoren-Test. Rev.-Fasssung (16PF-R) Huber, Bern Google Schola Über 80% neue Produkte zum Festpreis; Das ist das neue eBay. Finde K.schmidt.! Kostenloser Versand verfügbar. Kauf auf eBay. eBay-Garantie
Relative to nonusing controls, marijuana users demonstrated increased neural activity in a bilateral frontal network comprising precentral, middle cingulate, and supplementary motor regions during reappraisal of negative affect (P < 0.05, FWE) and impaired emotion regulation success on the behavioral level (P < 0.05) Kadi-Hanifi, K. , & Howell, P. (1992). Syntactic analysis of the spontaneous speech of normally fluent and stuttering children. Journal of Fluency Disorders , 17 , 151-170 Assessing verbal intelligence, the German vocabulary test (Wortschatztest, WST; Schmidt and Metzler, 1992) was administered in the delay period between Test 6 and Test 7 of the VLMT. The WST comprised 42 word sequences, each containing one real word (the target word) and five meaningless words (the non-target words). Participants' task was to indicate the target word in each word sequence. The Wortschatztest (WST), a German vocabulary test was used to assess verbal intelligence (Schmidt and Metzler, 1992). The test consists of 42 words and 210 pseudo-words. Each trial consists of one word and five pseudo-words. The intelligence score was calculated as the total number of correct minus incorrect responses. Attention. To measure attention, the D2-R was used (Brickenkamp et al. To ensure that healthy controls and MDD patients were matched on IQ, all participants completed a test of verbal IQ (the Wortschatztest, WST, a vocabulary test implemented in the HAWIE-R, the German adaptation of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; Schmidt & Metzler, 1992)
17 Schmidt K H, Metzler P. Wortschatztest (WST). Weinheim: Beltz Test GmbH 1992 ; 18 Eliason M. Neuropsychological patterns: neurofibromatosis compared to developmental learning disorders. Neurofibromatosis. 1988; 1 17-2 Interpersonal predictive coding, not action perception, is impaired in autism rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org T. von der Lu¨he1,†, V. Manera2,†, I. Barisic3, C. Data are given as mean (standard deviation) and were compared using independent samples t-tests—unless otherwise specified.BPD, Borderline Personality Disorder; Family status: single, comparison with logistic regression; WST, Wortschatztest, a verbal IQ test implemented in the HAWIE-R (German adaptation of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) (Schmidt and Metzler, 1992); GSI, General. Recall of the two lists' items was assessed in a final criterion test. Results showed that, in healthy controls, additional study of list 2 items impaired final recall of list 1 items in the restudy condition but not in the retrieval practice condition. In contrast, in patients with stroke, list 2 learning impaired final list 1 recall in both conditions. The results indicate that retrieval.
Previous research has demonstrated irrational asymmetry in belief updating: people tend to take into account good news and neglect bad news. Contradicting formal learning principles, belief updates were on average larger after better-than-expected 4) A German-language multiple-choice Vocabulary Test (Wortschatztest, WST, Schmidt & Metzler, 1992) consists of 42 items which are made up of one target word, plus five distractors (pseudo-words). The number of correctly identified words is often used as a rough estimate of verbal intelligence and premorbid cognitive functioning in German-speaking countries Schmidt K-H, Metzler P. Wortschatztest (WST) Weinheim: Beltz Test GmbH; 1992. Sell A, Tooby J, Cosmides L. Formidability and the logic of human anger. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 2009; 106 (35):15073-15078. [PMC free article] Sherman DK, Cohen GL. Accepting threatening information: self-affirmation and the reduction. ..
Perceiving someone else's gaze shift toward an object can influence how this object will be manipulated by the observer, suggesting a modulatory effect of a gaze-based social context on action cont.. With respect to ACT group post hoc test shows a moderate to large effect regarding the increase of valued living, ACT: t(38) = −3.96, p < .001, d z = −.63. Whereas the post hoc test results for CBT+ are only close to significance with a small to moderate effect, CBT+: t(27) = −2.04, p = .051, d z = −.39 . Discussio
Metzler P. Schmidt K-H. 1992. Weinheim Beltz Test Gesellschaft Wortschatztest (WST) Manual. Weinheim Beltz Test Gesellschaft Wortschatztest (WST) Manual. Rao S, Hammeke TA, Mcquillen MP, Kathri BO The present study aimed at investigating the behavioral effects and neuronal correlates of emotional content and emotion.. Thieme E-Books & E-Journals. DE EN; Home Products. Journals Book The Wortschatztest (WST), a vocabulary test, was employed as an estimate of verbal intelligence level and language comprehension (Schmidt and Metzler, 1992). The performance in this test increases with higher education standard of the test person. The higher the score, the better the performance. 2.4. Immunological measure
Schmidt K-H, Metzler P: Wortschatztest [Vocabulary Test] (WST). 1992, Weinheim: Beltz Test GmbH. Google Scholar 17. Henry JD, Crawford JR: A meta-analytic review of verbal fluency performance following focal cortical lesions. Neuropsychology. 2004, 18: 284-295.. In retrospective memory, performance predictions have been found to enhance performance on subsequent memory tests. In prospective memory, the influence of metacognitive judgments on performance has not been investigated systematically. In the present study, 140 undergraduate students performed a complex short-term memory task that included a prospective memory task . Neural bases of antisocial behavior: a voxel-based meta-analysis Neural bases of antisocial behavior: a voxel-based meta-analysis. Neurobiological underpinnings of shame and guilt: a pilot fMRI study Neurobiological underpinnings of shame and guilt: a pilot fMRI study. Role of right pregenual anterior cingulate cortex in self-conscious emotional..
Schmidt K-H, Metzler P (1992) Wortschatztest [Vocabulary test (WST)]. Weinheim: Beltz Test GmbH. 34. Lehrl S, Triebig G, Fischer B (1995) Multiple choice vocabulary test MWT as a valid and short test to estimate premorbid intelligence. Acta Neurol Scand 91: 335-345. View Article Google Scholar 35. APA (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, foruth edition revised (DSM. Prosodic Marking of Information Status in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Martina Kr uger¨ 1, Francesco Cangemi 1, Kai Vogeley 2 ;3, Martine Grice 1 1 IfL Phonetik, University of Cologne, Germany 2 Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Cologne, Germany 3 Research Center Juelich, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Cognitive Neuroscience (INM-3) The assessment and analysis of handedness: the Edinburgh inventory Neuropsychologia 1971 9 1 97 113 10.1016/0028-3932(71)90067-4 2-s2.0-0015021890 5146491 13 Schmidt K. H. Metzler P. Wortschatztest: WST 1992 Weinheim Beltz Test GmbH 14 Sheehan D. V. Lecrubier Y. Sheehan K. H. Amorim P. Janavs J. Weiller E. Hergueta T. Baker R. Dunbar G. C
We measured verbal intelligence using the Wortschatztest (WST; Metzler and Schmidt 1992), a multiple choice word comprehension test that is a German equivalent to the Spot‐The‐Word test (Baddeley et al. 1993). We used the Wiener Matrizen‐Test (WMT; Formann and Piswanger 1979), a validated adaptation of the Raven's Matrix test, as a measure of nonverbal intelligence. Both. Über 80% neue Produkte zum Festpreis; Das ist das neue eBay. Finde K Metzler! Kostenloser Versand verfügbar. Kauf auf eBay. eBay-Garantie Verzeichnis der Testrezensionen 137. WRT 4/5  WESTERMANN RECHTSCHREIBTEST 4/5. Rathenow, P. (1979) Borchert, J., Knopf-Jerchow, H. & Dahbashi, A. (1991). Testdiagnostische Verfahren in Vor-, Sonder- und Regelschulen.. Ein kritisches Handbuch für Praktiker (Testkurzdarstellung WRT 4/5 - Westermann Rechtschreibtest 4/5: S
This study was conducted to examine interpersonal predictive coding in individuals with high-functioning autism (HFA). Healthy and HFA participants observed point-light displays of two agents (A an.. Using the heterogeneity-homogeneity list paradigm, the authors investigated 48 young adults' (20-30 years) and 48 older adults' (65-75 years) recognition memory for emotional pictures. The authors obtained no evidence for a positivity bias in older adults' memory: Age differences were primarily driven by older adults' diminished ability to remember negative pictures Boosting memory with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) seems to be an elegant way to optimize learning. Here we tested whether tDCS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex or to the left posterior parietal cortex would boost recognition memory in general and/or particularly for action phrases enacted at study. During study, 48 young adults either read or enacted simple action. Schmidt KHMetzler P Wortschatztest (WST). Weinheim, Germany: Beltz Test GmbH; 1992. 22. Gomori JMGrossman RIGoldberg HIZimmerman RABilaniuk LT Intracranial haematomas: imaging by high-field MR. Radiology 1985;15787- 93PubMed Google Scholar Crossref. 23. Mittl RLGrossman RIHiehle JF et al. Prevalence of MR evidence of diffuse axonal injury in patients with mild head injury and normal head CT.
Assessing verbal intelligence, the German vocabulary test (Wortschatztest, WST; Schmidt and Metzler, 1992) was administered in the delay period between Test 6 and Test 7 of the VLMT.The WST comprised 42 word sequences, each containing one real word (the target word) and five meaningless words (the non-target words) Post hoc tests indicated significantly enhanced error-related negativity amplitudes for patients and relatives compared with healthy comparison subjects (patients: p<0.01, Cohen's d=0.82; relatives: p<0.01, Cohen's d=0.79). The magnitude of the error-related negativity did not differ between OCD patients and relatives. Correct-related negativity amplitudes were numerically larger in OCD. Schmidt K-H, Metzler P (1992) Wortschatztest (WST): Ein RASCH-skalierter Test zur Abschätzung der verbalen Intelligenz [Vocabulary test (WST): A Rasch-calibrated test for assessment of verbal intelligence]. Weinheim, Germany: Beltz. 25. Röth F, Lehrl S (1973) Eine mehrdimensionale Selbstbeurteilungsskala zur Schmerzerfassung [A multidimensional selfrating scale for classification of pain. Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience a variety of symptoms sometimes including atypicalities in language use. The study explored differences in semantic network organisation of adults with ASD without intellectual impairment
Both samples were tested with the Mini Mental State Examination (Folstein, Folstein, & McHugh, 1975), the Wortschatztest (WST, a German-language vocabulary test providing an estimate of premorbid verbal IQ; Schmidt & Metzler, 1992), the Advanced Progressive Matrices (Raven, Court, & Raven, 1996), and the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck, Ward, Mendleson, Mock, & Erbaugh, 1961). Informed consent. The effect of shift work on impairment of cognition in later life has not yet been sufficiently investigated. Therefore, we aimed at testing the feasibility of a large-scale epidemiologic study examining this putative association in a pilot study. Between January and April 2017, a cross-sectional study invited a random sample of 425 former and current employees of a German university hospital. Analogous analysis for the left side did not survive the correction for multiple tests (omission: rho = 0.35; p = .027) and was not significant regarding commission errors (rho = 0.02; p = .885)
While observational studies show that an active lifestyle including cognitive, physical, and social activities is associated with a reduced risk of cognitive decline and dementia, experimental evidence from corresponding training interventions is more inconsistent with less pronounced effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare training- and lifestyle-related changes in cognition To control for potential group differences based on neurocognitive abilities, participants were administered neuropsychological tests tapping verbal intelligence [Wortschatztest; Schmidt and Metzler, 1992], executive functions [Trail‐Making Test, TMT‐A/B; Reitan, 1956], and working memory [digit span; WIE, Aster et al., 2006] To avoid the confound in general intelligence, subjects also performed a verbal intelligence test (WST, Schmidt and Metzler, 1992). Three patients denied performing this test. Task description. During fMRI acquisition, subjects performed a reward-guided decision-making task with dynamically changing response-outcome contingencies (Kahnt et al., 2009). In each trial, two abstract stimuli were. Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be diagnosed according to new research criteria proposed recently (Dubois et al., 2007). Diagnosis is made on grounds of episodic memory deficits and one pathological biomarker: cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or structural/functional imaging. Goal was to investigate the dependence of episodic memory function on material (verbal, visuospatial), gender and premorbid.
A post hoc t test confirmed the group difference in prestress levels of cortisol, Schmidt KH, Metzler P (1992) Wortschatztest WST [Vocabulary Test] (Beltz Test GmbH, Weinheim). Spielberger CD, Gorssuch RL, Lushene PR, Vagg PR, Jacobs GA (1983) Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.) Mattick RP, Clarke JC (1998) Development and validation of. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a very disabling condition with a chronic course, if left untreated. Though cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) with or without selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) is the method of choice, up to one third of individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) do not respond to treatment in terms of at least 35% improvement of symptoms WST: The patients with lower vocabulary skills Franke GH GÃÂ¶ttingen: Beltz Test GmbH. SCL-90-R 2002. Google Scholar 19. Schmidt K-H, Metzler P GÃÂ¶ttingen: Beltz Test GmbH. Wortschatztest (WST) 1992. Google Scholar 20. Hedges LV, Olkin I: Statistical Methods for Meta-Analysis. Orlando: Academic Press; 1985. Google Scholar 21. Cohen J: Statistical power for the behavioural science.
•The humility aspect of the Honesty-Humility personality factor is largely untested.•In a strong test, we compare partic.. Previous evidence shows that acute stress changes both amygdala activity and its connectivity with a distributed brain network. Early life stress (ELS), especially emotional abuse (EA), is. There are findings of cross-sectional studies on slight cognitive effects due to toluene exposure below 50 ppm. The critical points of the earlier studies will be scrutinised by a follow-up study with four examinations in 5 years. Employees from 14 magazine rotary printing plants were classified into groups of high (printing area) vs low (end-processing) and short vs long.
Benito Schlaak1, Robert Schmidt18, Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski19, Hanna Maria Schmidt1, Anne Schrimpf1, Sylvia Stasch1, Maria Voss1, Annett Wiedemann1, Daniel S. Margulies16, Michael Gaebler1,2,20 & Arno Villringer1,2 OPEN Received: 20 June 2018 Accepted: 12 October 2018 Published: 12 February 2019 1Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used both in the general population and for the treatment of somatic and psychiatric disorders. Studies on CAM use among patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have so far only focused on children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns of CAM use among adults with ASD We present a publicly available dataset of 227 healthy participants comprising a young (N=153, 25.1±3.1 years, range 20-35 years, 45 female) and an elderly group (N=74, 67.6±4.7 years, range.
Prior to this, all participants underwent a preexperimental session at the German Sport University Cologne including medical history, stethoscopy, a 12-channel resting electrocardiogram (ECG; MAC 1200 ST, GE Medical Systems Information Technologies GmbH, Freiburg, Germany), and an incremental exercise test on a treadmill (Woodway PPS Med, Woodway GmbH, Germany) to assess individual health and. Emotion Regulation Deficits in Regular Marijuana Users Kaeli Zimmermann,1# Christina Walz,2,3# Raissa T Derckx,1 Keith M. Kendrick ,4 Bernd Weber ,2,3 Bruce Dore,5 Kevin N. Ochsner,6 Rene Hurlemann,1 and Benjamin Becker 4* 1Department of Psychiatry and Division of Medical Psychology, University of Bonn, Bonn 53105, Germany 2Center for Economics and Neuroscience, Department of Epileptology.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH published: 07 November 2017 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00542 Anodal tDCS Enhances Verbal Episodic Memory in Initially Low Performers Annegret Habich 1,2* , Stefan Klöppel 1,3 , Ahmed Abdulkadir 1,4 , Elisa Scheller 3 , Christoph Nissen 3,5,6 and Jessica Peter 1,3 Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common diseases of old age [1 - 3].Established research criteria for clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) require diagnosis of dementia syndrome and exclusion of possible causes of dementia other than AD .Recently, revised research criteria for positive diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease—with or without clinical dementia syndrome. In addition, a recognition vocabulary test was used to assess the premorbid intelligence (german vocabulary scale, WST39). Schmidt KH, Metzler P. Wortschatztest. Weinheim: Beltz Test, 1992. ↵ Hautzinger M, Bailer M. Allgemeine Depressionsskala (ADS) Weinheim: Beltz Test, 1993. ↵ Multiple Sclerosis Council for Clinical Practice Guidelines. Fatigue and multiple sclerosis: evidence-based.